Aquatic plants are the central point of a planted tank that adds the natural underwater habitat of fish in an aquarium.
Why aquarium plants?
When it comes to aquarium plants, they have benefits. They consume fish waste, give oxygen, and provide a hiding place for fish fry to prevent being eaten by adult fish.
Where to grow plants?
There are three spots, foreground, midground, and background, to root aquatic plants. Long and high plants come at the back, plants smaller than background plants come in the center, and small plants come at the front of the aquarium.
Light is the source of energy in a planted tank. Plants need light to grow and flourish. Some plants can grow in low light, whereas high lighting boosts the color and growth of plants.
Plants grow in the substrate, that is, soil, sand, or gravel. Most plants get nutrients through roots, while some aquatic plants get them through the water column. A nutrient-rich soil no doubt contributes to the health of plants.
Here are the top 7 best aquarium plants that will add a unique look to your aquarium.
It is a foreground plant carpeting plant that needs medium to high light. With CO2 grows faster and takes less time to cover the substrate. It can be attached to a hardscape, but the hardscape needs to be porous for the plant to hold the roots with good fertilizing so the plant can get enough nutrients.
Jungle Val is a tall, long, freshwater aquarium plant with light green ribbon-like leaves. It is one of the earliest planted tank plants and is still popular today. Even if it is, the only plant in an aquarium looks beautiful. Being hardy does not need fertilizer and can grow in sand or substrate. The lighting condition for Jungle Val is medium. Even if it can grow in low light high light makes it grow fast. Val has a heavy root system that holds the ground tightly. It expands through a runner.
Hygrophila difformis or water wisteria, is usually grown out of the water and changes the shapes of leaves when planted in the aquariums. Ease of care makes it the right choice for beginners. High lighting and nutrients make it grow fast, producing broader leaves. In Low lighting conditions, plants grow small in size with small leaves. Three forms get by water wisteria in a planted tank, floating on the surface, trimming if not picked, turning into the carpet, and, as a background or foreground plant.
Anubis can tolerate a wide range of conditions in aquariums. Medium light is plenty for anubias; exposure to excessive light may cause algae on the leaves, which is why recommended to keep in some shade. When attached to rock or driftwood, the rhizome grows outward. These epiphyte plant does not need to be planted in the substrate. Yet you can plant them in the substrate. Anubia is a slower-growing plant that grows one leaf per month.
Ludwigia red plant:
Ludwigia has green and red types. Ludwigia repens is in green and red shades, while Ludwigia palustris is in red Needle leaves Ludwigia is the small type transforms green to red with CO2 and high light.CO2 and high light add to its reddish look.
Bacopa monnieri :
Bacopa is a stem plant that goes upward. Bacopa does not need a high tech setup and will do well in low tech conditions. When growing, Bacopa moves upward, and, if it is getting enough nutrients, it starts to float on the water surface. Due to its level of convenience and ease of care is a beginner plant. Bacopa, as a mid-ground plant, looks pretty when planted in small groups. Nutrient-rich soil makes it grow well with lush green growth
Java fern has been a hobby for a long time and is very popular among aquarists due to its ease of care. It comes in mid to background plant, just like Anubias, it has a rhizome through which it propagates. You can attach them onto driftwood or rock by thread or gluing it would attach itself. It does not need a high-tech setup and grows well in low lighting. Java fern gets nutrients from the water column and ties them to rocks or wood. If planted in the substrates will melt and die.
Aquatic plants look quite beautiful in an aquarium. They create a healthy natural climate for fish to live in and be happy.