Before investing in saltwater fish, you need to know whether you can take responsibility or not. Keeping saltwater fish and maintaining its aquarium is much easier than before due to advancements and technology. But as a beginner, you will face a hard time as they are a bit difficult to care for compared to freshwater fish. 

Everything needs time and investment, so you need to be a patient fish keeper. First, let us answer some queries related to the saltwater and freshwater environment.

Saltwater Vs. Freshwater Environment

  • It is a general thought that freshwater aquariums are easy to maintain, and it is easy to care for freshwater fish. Yes, it is correct as freshwater fish can adjust in any kind of water conditions, whereas saltwater fish can survive in specific water conditions only.
  • It is a perception that saltwater aquariums are expensive than freshwater aquariums. Yes, it is true as more equipment like powerheads, protein skimmers, and live rock are essential for keeping saltwater fish, or it would be hard for them to survive.
  • It is suggested that beginners should start with freshwater fish as fish keepers. Yes, as keeping saltwater fish can be expensive, complicated, and time-consuming. Saltwater fish are also costly compared to freshwater fish, so as a beginner in fish keeping, you should buy freshwater fish so that you have room for making mistakes. Go for saltwater fish once you are an expert.
  • It is thought that saltwater aquariums have more chances of growing algae. It is true; as saltwater aquariums have fewer plants, the nutrients in the water aren’t consumed. So, saltwater aquariums are more likely to grow algae. It is fine if you are an expert and maintain your aquarium well. But, for beginners, it will be a disaster.

The points make it clear that as a beginner, keeping saltwater fish can be a tough job. Start with freshwater fish such as Betta fish if you are planning to go for fish keeping as a hobby. Bettas are famous for their beautiful fins and bright colors. Bettas can grow up to three inches and live for three years. They can live with other community fish peacefully, but male betas can sometimes show aggression in a tank without dividers.

Are Betta fish easy to care for?

"A  beautiful red color betta fish"

It won’t be wrong to say that Betta fish are easier to keep than other fish. They can easily adjust to different environments. They do not need a large place to swim and can live comfortably in small spaces, but not too congested! For a betta, the tank should hold up to 3 gallons. They have a “labyrinth” organ, which allows them to absorb oxygen from the water surface and survive at low oxygen levels. Bettas require warm water, proper filtration, plants, clean tanks, and regular feeding.

How to prepare a Betta’s tank?

Put a layer of gravel on the bottom of the tank up to 1 or 2 inches. Remember to put one and a half pounds per gallon of water. It is essential to rinse the gravel properly to clean all the impurities before putting it in water. Also, rinse all the decorations or ornaments before placing them in the tank. Put de-chlorinated water in the tank as water with chlorine and chloramines can kill your fish. Keep it near a power source to keep the filter running; also do not keep it indirect sunlight.

What do Bettas eat?

"pelleted fish food in different colors"

Bettas love pelleted food or fish flakes 1-2 times daily. Do not over-feed them as the fish feel full in 1 or 2 minutes. The rest of the food will go to waste and will make the water dirty. They are carnivores, so you should add dried brine shrimp and worms to their diet. It is important to thaw the frozen foods before feeding them to your fish. Remember to give smaller flakes to baby Bettas. 

How do you take care of a Betta fish for beginners?

As a beginner, you need to be responsible and check the filter as well as water temperature daily. 50% water change needs to be done once a week in small tanks. Whereas 10 to 20% water change is essential in larger tanks every 2 to 4 weeks. Male Bettas are the real fighters, so they should be kept in individual tanks. Females can live in community tanks peacefully. 

Note: Do not keep female and male Bettas together, as males have aggressive nature and harm the females. 

How do you know if your Betta fish is happy?

"two betta fishes in happy mood"

Happy Bettas are active and alert all the time. They eat proper meals regularly and live peacefully. They will stay happy if you maintain the water quality and provide proper filtration. Cleaner the environment, the happier your fish will be. Healthy Bettas are very interactive, and when they see their keeper, they’ll swim in their direction. Bettas will keep a similar pattern of interaction until something is wrong that alters their mood. You need to spend time with your fish and look for signs if you find something FISHY!

How do you know if your Betta fish is unhappy?

"A slow and unhappy betta fish"

Unhappy Bettas show signs of aggression, especially males. They will not eat properly and ignore their food that means they are facing a loss of appetite. You can see changes in their appearance as they will have cloudy eyes, spots on the body, elevated scales, and unnatural frayed fins. If your Betta is inactive and less energetic, it’s not a good sign. You need to make sure that you are providing them with a proper environment and proper diet. If your fish is depressed, it will stay near the tank's glass instead of roaming freely or will remain glued at one spot for a very long time. Bettas love to interact with people; if they are ignoring them or hiding, then you need to worry about your fish. Your fish can also lose its vibrant and bright color when it’s sad or under depression. The health of your fish matters a lot, as unhealthy fish will be unhappy obviously. 

How to Keep Your Bettas Happy?

One of the common mistakes is that the fish owners put the betas in small jars. Bettas, as mentioned earlier, should be kept in at least 3-gallon tanks. Bettas love to be around plants, so add live plants for Bettas where they can hide and rest as well. Keeping fish means keeping your tank/aquarium clean. A dirty environment will ruin your fish’s mood. Maintain your tank from time to time and keep the water quality up to date to prevent diseases in your fish. Bettas usually prefer warm water but can also adjust to cooler temperatures. Keep in mind not to overfeed your Bettas, as it can cause swelling in their stomach and lead to health problems. Remember to feed your fish on time and feed the Bettas as much as they can eat in 2 minutes, not more than that.

As your queries are answered now, it’s time to purchase a Betta fish and add it to your amazing fish collection.

Happy Fishing!

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